Page 19 - TheScienceDelusionWilberg
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The terms ‘materialist’ and ‘idealistic’ are here used in a 

philosophical sense which will be explained and returned to in 

the course of this work. And though part of the ‘delusion’ of 

science is its belief that it has successfully replaced all 

previous philosophies (which indeed it has done as today’s 

dominant and de facto global world-view) it was an English 

philosopher - John Locke – who first set out the basis of what 

was to become known as ‘The Scientific Revolution’. What 

is extraordinary however, is that even today Locke is still 

seen as an ‘empirical’ philosopher - one who believes that 

knowledge should be grounded in verifiable experience. In 

actuality he laid the basis for what, in philosophical terms, is 

a wholly ‘idealistic’ concept of scientific ‘knowledge’. For 

Locke’s main claim to fame lay in affirming Galileo’s most 

basic claim - namely that what was ultimately ‘real’ was only 

the measurable properties of things. This implied that behind all 

the tangibly experienced qualities of natural phenomena lay 

nothing but abstract or ‘ideal’ quantities.

It took an Irish philosopher – Bishop George Berkeley 

– to undermine Locke’s untenable separation between the 

so-called ‘primary qualities’ of things (in reality nothing but 

measurable quantities such as density or weight) and the 

tangible qualities (such as hardness and heaviness) that they 

offer a measure of. And it took a German thinker - Edmund


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