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Wonderful as are the forces in nature, they are vastly inferior to that combination of intelligent forces 
which comprise the mind of man, and which dominate and direct the blind mechanical forces of nature. 

Therefore, it follows that, to understand, control, and direct the inner forces of passion, desire, will, and 

intellect, is to be in possession of the destinies of men and nations.

As in ordinary science, there are, in this divine science, degrees of attainment; and a man is great in 

knowledge, great in himself, and great in his influence on the world, in the measure that he is great in 

self-control.

He who understands and dominates the forces of external nature is the natural scientist; but he who 

understands and dominates the internal forces of the mind is the divine scientist; and the laws which 

operate in gaining a knowledge of external appearances, operate also in gaining a knowledge of internal 

varieties.

A man cannot become an accomplished scientist in a few weeks or months, nay, not even in a few 

years. But only after many years of painstaking investigation can he speak with authority, and be 

ranked among the masters of science. Likewise, a man cannot acquire self-control, and become 
possessed of the wisdom and peace giving knowledge which that self-control confers, but by many 

years of patient labor; a labor which is all the more arduous because it is silent, and both unrecognized 

and unappreciated by others; and he who would pursue this science successfully must learn to stand 

alone, and to toil unrewarded, as far as any outward emolument is concerned.

The natural scientist pursues, in acquiring his particular kind of knowledge, the following five orderly 

and sequential steps:

1. Observation: that is, he closely and persistently observes the facts of nature.


2. Experiment: Having become acquainted, by repeated observations, with certain facts, he experiments 

with those facts, with a view to the discovery of natural laws. He puts his facts through rigid processes 
of analysis, and so finds out what is useless and what of value; and he rejects the former and retains the 

latter.


3. Classification: Having accumulated and verified a mass of facts by numberless observations and 
experiments, he commences to classify those facts, to arrange them in orderly groups with the object of 

discovering some underlying law, some hidden and unifying principle, which governs, regulates, and 

binds together these facts.

4. Deduction: Thus he passes on to the fourth step of deduction. From the facts and results which are 

before him, he discovers certain invariable modes of action, and thus reveals the hidden laws of things.


5. Knowledge: Having proven and established certain laws, it may be said of such a man that he knows. 
He is a scientist, a man of knowledge.


But the attainment of scientific knowledge is not the end, great as it is. Men do not attain knowledge 
for themselves alone, nor to keep it locked secretly in their hearts, like a beautiful jewel in a dark chest. 

The end of such knowledge is use, service, the increase of the comfort and happiness of the world. 

Thus, when a man has become a scientist, he gives the world the benefit of his knowledge, and 

unselfishly bestows upon mankind the results of all his labors.

Thus, beyond knowledge, there is a further step of Use: that is, the right and unselfish use of the 

knowledge acquired; the application of knowledge to invention for the common weal.

It will be noted that the five steps or processes enumerated follow in orderly succession, and that no 

man can become a scientist who omits any one of them. Without the first step of systematic 

observation, for instance, he could not even enter the realm of knowledge of natureā€˜s secrets.









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